Week 8 Quiz
Question 1When completing this quiz, did you comply with Walden University’s Code of Conduct including the expectations for academic integrity?
Question 2A 54-year-old male is diagnosed with peptic ulcer disease. This condition is most likely caused by:
Question 3A 60-year-old male is diagnosed with cancer of the esophagus. Which of the following factors most likely contributed to his disease?
Question 4A 50-year-old male is experiencing reflux of chyme from the stomach. He is diagnosed with gastroesophageal reflux. This condition is caused by:
Question 5The exocrine portion of the pancreas contains:
Question 6A 20-year-old male was recently diagnosed with lactose intolerance. He eats an ice cream cone and develops diarrhea. His diarrhea can be classified as _____ diarrhea.
Question 7When an infant has increased bilirubin production and impaired hepatic excretion of bilirubin, what does the nurse suspect is occurring in the patient?
Question 8Prolonged diarrhea is more serious in children than adults because:
Question 9The cardinal signs of small bowel obstruction are:
Question 10A 16-year-old female presents with abdominal pain in the right lower quadrant. Physical examination reveals rebound tenderness and a low-grade fever. A possible diagnosis would be:
Question 11The primary complication of enterocolitis associated with Hirschsprung disease is related to which finding?
Question 12A 40-year-old male develops an intestinal obstruction related to protrusion of the intestine through the inguinal ring. This condition is referred to as:
Question 13A 2-month-old female with Down syndrome is diagnosed with Hirschsprung disease following family complaints of chronic constipation. The most likely cause of these symptoms is:
Question 14For the patient experiencing esophageal reflux, the nurse would expect which sphincter to be malfunctioning?
Question 15Acute pancreatitis often manifests with pain to which of the following regions?
Question 16A 10-month-old is brought to the pediatrician by the mother who states the baby has been experiencing colicky pain followed by vomiting, sweating, nausea, and irritability. Testing reveals a condition in which one part of the intestine telescopes into another. From which type of intestinal obstruction is he suffering?
Question 17A 45-year-old male complains of heartburn after eating and difficulty swallowing. He probably has:
Question 18A 13-year-old female confides to her mother that she binge eats and induces vomiting to prevent weight gain. This disease is referred to as:
Question 19The nurse assessing the patient with biliary atresia would expect to find which primary clinical manifestation?
Question 20A 27-year-old male presents with fever, GI bleeding, hepatomegaly, and transient joint pain. He reports that as a child he received blood transfusions following a motor vehicle accident. He also indicates he was vaccinated against hepatitis B. Which of the following types of hepatitis does the clinician think he most likely has?
Question 21Which of the following characteristics is associated with an acute occlusion of mesenteric blood flow to the small intestine?
Question 22The most common clinical manifestation of portal hypertension is _____ bleeding.
Question 23A 55-year-old female has general symptoms of gallstones but is also jaundiced. IV cholangiography would most likely reveal that the gallstones are obstructing the:
Question 24Chronic gastritis is classified according to the:
Question 25A 40-year-old female presents complaining of pain near the midline in the epigastrium. Assuming the pain is caused by a stimulus acting on an abdominal organ, the pain felt is classified as:
Question 26A 24-year-old male who sustained a head injury and fractured femur develops a stress ulcer. A common clinical manifestation of this ulcer is:
Question 27A 60-year-old male presents with GI bleeding and abdominal pain. He reports that he takes NSAIDs daily to prevent heart attack. Tests reveal that he has a peptic ulcer. The most likely cause of this disease is:
Question 28A 6-month-old male infant is brought to the ER after the sudden development of abdominal pain, irritability, and vomiting followed by passing of “currant jelly” stool. Ultrasound reveals intestinal obstruction in which the ileum collapsed through the ileocecal valve and invaginated into the large intestine. This type of obstruction is referred to as:
Question 29The most common cause of chronic vascular insufficiency among the elderly is:
Question 30An 8-week-old female is diagnosed with a congenital heart disease and Down syndrome. Her parents report that she has difficulty defecating. X-ray reveals anorectal malformation that causes complete obstruction often referred to as:
Question 31Reflux esophagitis is defined as a(n):
Question 32A 55-year-old male died in a motor vehicle accident. Autopsy revealed an enlarged liver caused by fatty infiltration, testicular atrophy, and mild jaundice secondary to cirrhosis. The most likely cause of his condition is:
Question 33Early identification and treatment for metabolic disorders is important because:
Question 34A 3-month-old female develops colicky pain, abdominal distention, and diarrhea after drinking cow’s milk. The best explanation for her symptoms is:
Question 35Kwashiorkor is a severe dietary deficiency of:
Question 36A 3-month-old female presents with intention tremors, dystonia, greenish-yellow rings in the cornea, and hepatomegaly. Tests reveal a defect on chromosome 13. Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis?
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