NURS6501 Advanced Pathophysiology Week 10 Quiz
Question 1When completing this quiz, did you comply with Walden University’s Code of Conduct including the expectations for academic integrity?
Question 2A 7-year-old male presents to his primary care provider for incontinence. His mother indicates that he has never been continent. Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis the nurse will observe on the chart?
Question 3A nurse is describing the trigone. Which information should be included? The trigone is defined as:
Question 4A 4-year-old male is diagnosed with nephrotic syndrome. Which of the following assessment findings accompanies this condition?
Question 5On average the kidneys receive approximately _____ of the cardiac output.
Question 6While planning care for a patient who has acute pyelonephritis. A nurse recalls the most common condition associated with the development of acute pyelonephritis is:
Question 7A 30-year-old male is demonstrating hematuria with red blood cell casts and proteinuria exceeding 3 to 5 g/day, with albumin being the major protein. The most probable diagnosis the nurse will see documented on the chart is:
Question 8A 42-year-old female is diagnosed with chronic renal failure, and the nurse is discussing dietary treatment. Which information indicates the nurse understands dietary regimen? Treatment includes restricting:
Question 9A 5-year-old male was diagnosed with glomerulonephritis. History reveals that he had an infection 3 weeks before the onset of this condition. The infection was most likely located in the:
Question 10A 56-year-old male presents with flank pain and polyuria. Tests reveal that he has an enlarged prostate. Which of the following types of renal failure should the nurse monitor for as it is the most likely to occur?
Question 11While turning a patient with chronic renal failure, which principle should the nurse recall? Bone fractures are a risk factor in chronic renal failure because:
Question 12A 25-year-old female is diagnosed with urinary tract obstruction. While planning care, the nurse realizes that the patient is expected to have hydronephrosis and a decreased glomerular filtration rate caused by:
Question 13When a nurse is preparing to teach about urine, which information should the nurse include? Just before entering the ureter, urine passes through the:
Question 14A 19-year-old female was involved in a motor vehicle accident during which she sustained a closed head injury. She is now experiencing detrusor sphincter dyssynergia. Which of the following is the most beneficial medication treatment?
Question 15When describing the male urinary anatomy, which information should the nurse include? The portion of the male urethra that is closest to the bladder is the _____ portion.
Question 16A nurse is reviewing urinalysis results and notices glucose is present in the urine. A nurse realizes glucose will be excreted in the urine when:
Question 17A 42-year-old male is involved in a motor vehicle accident during which he loses a lot of blood. The nurse realizes he is in acute renal failure caused by:
Question 18If a nurse wants to obtain the best estimate of renal function, which test should the nurse monitor?
Question 19When a child is admitted with acute renal failure, a clinician realizes the most common cause of acute renal failure is:
Question 20When a patient’s renal system secretes rennin, what effect will that cause in the body? It causes the direct activation of:
Question 21A urologist is discussing the phagocytic cells that lie between the layers of the renal corpuscle. What is the urologist describing?
Question 22A 6-year-old male is experiencing urine reflux from the urinary bladder into a grossly dilated ureter and calyces. He was diagnosed with vesicoureteral reflux. This condition would be graded:
Question 23When a newborn is admitted with urinary tract infections (UTIs), which type of infection will the nurse look for in the newborn?
Question 24A 24-year-old female is diagnosed with renal calculus that is causing obstruction. Which of the following symptoms would she most likely experience?
Question 25A 60-year-old male is diagnosed with renal failure. While the nurse is reviewing lab results, which of the following lab values would be most consistent with this diagnosis?
Question 26Anemia accompanies chronic renal failure because of:
Question 27When a nurse is checking the urinalysis, plasma proteins should be absent from the urine because:
Question 28When the nurse is discussing the sodium-sensing cells of the glomerulus, what term should the nurse use?
Question 29A 3-year-old female presents with recurrent urinary tract infections (UTIs), fever, poor growth and development, and feeding problems. Tests reveal a retrograde flow of urine from the urinary bladder into the ureters. When giving report to the oncoming shift, the nurse will call this condition:
Question 30The urologist is teaching about the nephrons that determine the concentration of the urine. The urologist is discussing the _____ nephrons.
Question 31A 30-year-old male is demonstrating hematuria with red blood cell casts and proteinuria exceeding 3 to 5 g/day, with albumin being the major protein. The most probable diagnosis the nurse will see documented on the chart is:
Question 32When the nurse discusses the glomerulus and Bowman capsule together, it is referred to as the renal:
Question 33While planning care for a patient with renal calculi, the nurse remembers the most important factor in renal calculus formation is:
Question 34A 29-year-old female presents with cloudy urine, flank pain, hematuria, and fever. Which of the following does the nurse suspect the patient is most likely experiencing?
Question 35Which of the following clusters of symptoms would make a clinician suspect a child has developed glomerulonephritis?
Question 36A 75-year-old male reports to his primary care provider loss of urine with cough, sneezing, or laughing. Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis the nurse will observe on the chart?
Question 37A 45-year-old female presents with hypertension, anorexia, nausea and vomiting, and anemia. She is diagnosed with chronic renal failure. When the patient asks what caused this anemia, how should the nurse respond? Your anemia is caused by:
Question 38A 15-year-old male was diagnosed with pharyngitis. Eight days later he developed acute glomerulonephritis. While reviewing the culture results, which of the following is the most likely cause of this disease?
Question 39A 55-year-old male presents reporting urinary retention. Tests reveal that he has a lower urinary tract obstruction. Which of the following is of most concern to the nurse?
Question 40A 2-year-old male is diagnosed with Wilms tumor. Which of the following clinical conditions is often associated with this disease?
Question 41A 27-year-old male has a severe kidney obstruction leading to removal of the affected kidney. Which of the following would the nurse expect to occur?