Annotated Bibliography

Student Name


Due Date

Faculty Name

You may include a cover page for

your annotated bibliography. This is

an example of an APA cover page

for undergraduate and master’s

students. Doctoral students should

use the annotated bibliography

sample found on the Doctoral

Writing Resources site under






Center for Writing Excellence

©2015 University of Phoenix, Inc. All rights reserved.

Annotated Bibliography

Biemiller, L. (2013, December 6). From a million MOOC users, a few early research results. The

Chronicle of Higher Education [Web log post]. Retrieved from



This article discusses a study conducted by the University of Pennsylvania’s Graduate

School of Education. Sixteen massive open online courses, or MOOCs, were observed

to determine student retention. Student completion of the courses was unremarkable.

Several differing variables may have contributed to the outcomes of each course based

on topic, length of course, student nationality, and so on. More studies on how MOOCs

are administered and conducted must be made.

Films for the Humanities and Sciences. (Producer). (2014, August). Internet research: What’s

credible? Available from Films on Demand in the University of Phoenix Library


This video discusses the risks taken with using popular search engines to locate

resources for academic work. It notes that most resources available online are not

guaranteed reliable or peer-reviewed. Some tips are offered to help alleviate some

search issues and to aid in locating appropriate resources. Detailed reasons to not use

Wikipedia and like sites are provided.

Francois, E. J. (2014). Motivational orientations of non-traditional adult students to enroll in a

degree-seeking program. New Horizons in Adult Education & Human Resource

Development, 26(2), 19–35. doi: 10.1002/nha3.20060







according to



An annotated

bibliography is

a list of

references to

books, articles,

web pages, and

other sources.

The reference is

listed first and

is followed by a

brief summary,

or annotation,

of the source.

The annotation

informs the

reader of the

relevance and

quality of the




sources should

be relevant

and credible.


sources that

are more


published so

the research is

up to date.





Center for Writing Excellence

©2015 University of Phoenix, Inc. All rights reserved.

The research in this study focused on motivating factors for non-traditional, degree-

seeking adults. The Education Participation Scale (EPS) was used to evaluate adults in

associate, bachelor’s, master’s, and doctoral programs. The particulars of the

motivational orientations can be useful for recruitment materials and designing


Shepherd, M. M., & Tsong Shin, S. (2014). The effects of informal faculty-student interaction

and use of information technology on non-traditional students’ persistence intentions and

educational outcomes. Journal of Higher Education Theory & Practice, 14(2), 46–60.

The study presented here attempts to address concerns over the education outcomes for

nontraditional students when using social integration. The authors explore the impact of

IT and informal faculty-student interaction. Their results suggest that IT may have a

positive effect on student psychological well-being and academic performance.

TEDTalks. (Producer). (2014, July 18). Bill Gates—Mosquitos, Malaria, and Education [Video

file]. Available from University of Phoenix Media Library ID: 53c93663dd7d12d094c4c6e2

In this TEDTalk, Microsoft founder and philanthropist Bill Gates discusses some ways

to combat problems in our world. He addresses the lack of support for malaria

elimination in struggling countries and how it affects their ability to thrive. He then

compares this struggle to that of education. There is an inequality with how people

survive physically and mentally in this world. He believes that success hinges on

applying the right tools and paying attention to all who are affected.




should be

written in

third person

point of view

just like an



Notice each

entry is listed in


order by

author’s last

name just like

on a reference